Automating fair decisions in AI is a significant challenge for Bank’s - unlike humans decision makers, machines will not understand the context of society or have empathy in certain situations.
Since the implementation of International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) 9, capital & impairment forecasting and stress testing has seen a sharp rise in complexity across the banking industry. 4most consultants have been working on projects dealing with Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process (ICAAP)…
CECL may seem like just another regulatory burden, but the exercise of digging deep into your loan book can have big pay-offs far beyond 31 Dec 2019.
A recent Bank of England working paper highlights the link between banking market competition and financial system stability. Consistent with earlier work, it highlights that as competition increases, the banking system overall responds typically by moving to higher risk lending. However, in addition, it describes how individual banks tend to converge with the most-risky becoming more secure as competition increases.
Providing insight beyond the macroeconomic headlines. 4most, the leading risk analytics consultancy, has successfully launched a bespoke economics subscription service. The international service brings rigorous economic analysis to the challenges faced by the financial services sector.
IFRS9 Expected Credit Losses (ECL) are commonly calculated as the sum of the marginal future expected losses in each period following the reporting date, using PD, LGD and EAD components. ECL can also be calculated directly from expected future cash flows. This could be an attractive option for many short-term lenders, especially for those that cannot leverage existing PD, LGD and EAD models, as it requires developing a single cash flow model.
The Bank of England has today published the latest outlook from the Financial Policy Committee and outlined the scenario for 2018’s bank stress tests, providing us with an indication of its likely areas of focus in assessing UK financial stability.
Over the past decade, there has been a significant shift in patterns of consumer behaviour in relation to purchasing of new cars. UK private car registrations were 39% higher in 2016 than they were in 2011, a trend which has in part been driven by the expansion of the Personal Contract Purchase (PCP) deals. Some 82% of private new car purchases was financed in this way in 2016. PCPs contribution to the rise in unsecured borrowing is firmly on the radar of both the Bank of England (BoE) and Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).